The three ships photographed here were sunk as targets with tens of millions of dollars worth of aluminum, brass, copper, Monel and stainless steel. I wrote the Navy and the House Armed Services Committee about this waste and it was dismissed as non-important.  Little would they have known that this issue would re-appear on the Internet.


USNS Kileaneu

USNS Concord

The Swift

The Navy has known since the early nineteen hundreds that aluminum, in both a solid and filament state can be lit off by a single inexpensive phosphorous tipped projectile.


Fires are classified into four distinct categories; Class “A,” for anything that produces an ash like paper or wood.  –  Class, “B,” fire denotes a petroleum based fire; gasoline, diesel and paint.  –  Class, “E,” fire is electrical.  Class, “D,” denotes a fire that creates its own oxygen (hence it can burn under water) and is the most difficult to extinguish.  The fuel for a Class, “D,”fire is:  aluminum, magnesium;  anything with phosphorous such as commercial purchased sparklers, fire works cones and rockets.   Any metal that is in a filament form; steel wool, copper, brass and aluminum is conducive to a Class, “D,” fire.  –  Aluminum (as is magnesium)  is especially vulnerable to phosphorus tipped projectile when in a solid state.  The ISIS forces that operate in Yemen were aware of this and  were ready. From a Chinese made mobile launch missile trailer towed by a medium size truck, an anti-ship missile was fired at the U.S. aluminum made Swift on October 1, 2016 and scored a direct hit that conflagrated the ship.  Though the Swift was not sunk, it was destroyed. –  The Swift’s destruction can be viewed on Youtube. – On November 22, 1975 the aircraft carrier USS John Kennedy (CV-67) had a collision with the light cruiser USS Belknap in the Straits of Messina; the cruiser had an aluminum constructed superstructure to save weight. The cruiser’s superstructure caught fire and burnt to the steel made main deck that did not catch on fire.  –  The question is: why would the United States Navy have a warship constructed of aluminum when it full well knew its inherent vulnerability?   The construction of  both the aluminum built catamarans and trimarans (LCS) are also plagued with structural difficulties that result from high speeds in waves and/or swells more than 15 feet that is a common occurrence in any ocean.  Aluminum does not take well to extreme stress, it cracks, another undesirable aspect of aluminum. – These aluminum constructed warships were also approved by the House Armed Services Committee and ultimately the Navy. Is it permitted to ask,”What were the people involved with the finance and construction of these ships thinking?”         

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